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Thursday, July 3, 2008

from About.com; 5 Types of Alcoholics




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Dispelling the myth of the "typical alcoholic," National Institute on
Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism researchers have identified five subtypes
of alcoholics from a study of 1,484 people who met diagnostic criteria
for alcohol dependence.


The study found that the largest group of alcoholics in the U.S. are
young adults. Twenty percent are highly functional and more than half
do not have a family history of alcoholism. The study was conducted by
Howard B. Moss, M.D., NIAAA associate director for clinical and
translational research, and a team of researchers. The study drew from
responses to the National Epidemiological Survey on Alcohol and Related
Conditions, a representative epidemiological study of alcohol, drug,
and mental disorders in the United States.
Young Adult Alcoholics

* 31.5 percent
* Young adult drinkers, with relatively low rates of co-occurring substance abuse and mental disorders.
* Low rates of family alcoholism.
* Rarely seek any kind of help for their drinking.

Young Antisocial Alcoholics
* 21 percent
* Most are in their mid-20s and had early onset of regular drinking and early onset alcohol problems.
* More than half come from families with alcoholism, and about half have a psychiatric diagnosis of antisocial personality disorder.
* Many have major depression, bipolar disorder, and anxiety problems.

* More than 75 percent smoke cigarettes and marijuana, and many also have cocaine and opiate addictions

* More than one-third seek help for their drinking


Functional Alcoholics
* 19.5 percent
* Typically middle-aged, well-educated, with stable jobs and families.
* About one-third have a multigenerational family history of alcoholism.
* One-quarter had major depressive illness at some time in their lives.
* Nearly 50 percent are smokers.

Intermediate Familial Alcoholics

* 19 percent.
* Middle-aged with about half from families with multigenerational alcoholism.
* Almost half have had clinical depression, and 20 percent have had bipolar disorder.
* Most smoke cigarettes, and nearly one in five report cocaine and marijuana use.
* About 25 percent ever seek treatment for their problem drinking.

Chronic Severe Alcoholics
* 9 percent
* Mostly middle-aged individuals who had early onset of drinking and alcohol problems.
* High rates of antisocial personality disorder and criminality.
* Almost 80 percent come from families with multigenerational alcoholism.
* They have the highest rates of other psychiatric disorders including depression, bipolar disorder, and anxiety disorders.
* This group has high rates of smoking, and marijuana, cocaine, and opiate dependence.
* Two-thirds seek help for their drinking problems, making them the most prevalent type of alcoholic in treatment.

Previous studies which tried to identify alcoholism subtypes were
conducted with people who were in treatment for their alcoholism.
Therefore, a large percentage of alcoholics were left out of those
studies, because only about one-fourth of alcoholics ever seek
treatment.
Sources:

Moss, Howard B., Chenb, Chiung M. and Yi, Hsiao-ye.
Subtypes of alcohol dependence in a nationally representative sample. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, Retrieved 28 June 2007.

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3 comments:

PATRICK said...

Dearest Johnny,
The word "alcoholic" is not in the BIBLE. There is no mention of the 12 Steps or that ALCOHOLISM, is a DISEASE – in the BIBLE.

One is either a DRUNKARD or was a DRUNKARD – end of story. Bill Wilson manufactured the BIG BOOK & the 12 STEPS out of his head, and millions of GROUPERS (12 STEPPERS) have been “hoodwinked” by his anti – Christ propaganda.

Labelling oneself, as an ALCOHOLIC is THE MARK OF THE BEAST – one has condemned oneself to the fiery furnace. In HELL, there is no chance of REDEMPTION. AA is HELL!


I, PATRICK, AM A GIFT TO ALL PEOPLE.

Shadow said...

interesting study...

Shadow said...

...and happy 4ht of july!!! have a 'do what you want' kinda day!

 
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